Pal graduated as a medical doctor from Copenhagen University in 1977. Over the subsequent decade he was a resident at various hospitals in Copenhagen and Odense (Denmark), Jonkoping (Sweden), and Torshavn (Faroe Islands).
In 1988, he was qualified as a consultant in community and occupational medicine by the Danish legislature, and was later appointed head of the Department of Occupational Medicine and Public Health in the Faroese hospital system. He has held that position ever since. Pal’s clinical activities have been in the fields of occupational, environment, and social medicine. He is an adjunct professor at the University of the Faroe Islands.